Teaching Methodology

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A teaching method comprises the principles and methods used by teachers to enable student learning.These strategies are determined partly on subject matter to be taught and partly by the nature of the learner. For a particular teaching method to be appropriate and efficient it has to be in relation with the characteristic of the learner and the type of learning it is supposed to bring about.

Suggestions are there to design and selection of teaching methods must take into account not only the nature of the subject matter but also how students learn.

The approaches for teaching can be broadly classified into teacher-centered and student-centered. In a teacher-centered approach to learning, teachers are the main authority figure in this model. Students are viewed as “empty vessels” whose primary role is to passively receive Information.



The most basic teaching method is explanation. Explanation is characterized by its function as ” a tool that is used by a speaker for understanding or ‘ giving a sense ‘ to the object of communication of a debate or a discussion.

The role of an explanation is to make clearer the meaning of an object / subject content. In the learning / teaching process, explanation is a tool used by both, teacher and students. Its goal is to manifest comprehension. Predominantly, explanation is seen as a tool for describing relevant phenomena, developing students’ logical thinking and guiding students by inductive judgement to generalising.

Accordingly a key aspect of explanation is the emphasis on why things happen. In other words, one can think of explanation as an attempt to identify the cause of something. Actually explanation goes beyond mere description.

Traditionally, explanation belongs to monological teaching methods where the information is transmitted from the teacher to the students It is the primary role of teachers to pass knowledge and information onto their students In this perspective, explanation is seen as the task fulfilled by the teacher with students passively receiving what is presented.

Collecting feedback on students’ perceptions of whether explanations are clearly identified whether students feel particular teaching assisted them in understanding the subject matter. Student learning is continuously measured during teacher instruction.

Commonly used teaching methods may include class participation, demonstration, recitation, memorization or combinations of these.

Without student understanding, no explanation can be said to be clear. It is part of the responsibility of the explainer to ensure that his or her explanation appears sufficiently worthwhile and interesting to the listener to attend. It is a worth note that a good explanation can be described as clearly structured and interesting to the listener. Let us not forget that good explanation can unlock understanding and on other side, poor or inadequate explanations may lead to confusion and boredom.


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